The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is rooted in the Marshall plan which supported the reconstruction of the economic foundations of Europe. Today, it is an organization which groups 30 countries in Europe, America, Asia and Oceania, each with common democratic governments and market economies.
The OECD facilitates dialogue among member states in areas such as the development of public policy, identifying best practices to support such policies, fostering dialogue among countries in order to achieve global development.
The objectives of the OECD are: a) to provide statistical data and analysis of sectoral policies, b) identify successful public policies and its emerging issues and c) create recommendations in different areas of development.
To accomplish its mandate, the OECD establishes committees where member states, participating private sector organizations, and civil society contribute to the multilateral work of the Organization.
The Development Assistance Committee (DAC)
One such committee is the Development Assistance Committee (CAD), a forum which brings together member states, multilateral organizations such as the World Bank, the United Nations System, and the European Union as well as countries outside of Latin America, Africa, Asia, and the Middle East.
The mandate of the Development Assistance Committee includes assisting member countries, observers, and the global system of cooperation in their efforts to reduce poverty and achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). These activities are implemented by supporting the cooperation policies of member states through public policy analysis and recommendations in different areas such as trade, employment, migration, education, energy, and health.
The DAC has a statistical database in different development areas in order to increase aid effectiveness and provide evidence of successful public policies.
Today, the Donor Assistance Committee must address global economic changes and the increase in regional and global cooperation with the public and private sector, while taking into consideration new inter-regional aid flows, the concentration of aid, new instruments and mechanisms for development, and most importantly, the complicated interdependence that these changes generate.
Chile is a member of the OECD and an observer in the DAC. Within this forum, Chile offers opportunities for reflection, analysis, and policy coordination while sharing its experience as a recipient of donor assistance and today, its dual role in the SSC model as an emerging donor and recipient of development.